Is the El Niño-Southern Oscillation changing? Lessons from the past.

Research areas:
Year:
2020
Authors:
  • Mary Elliot
  • Sri Yudawati Cahyarini
  • Nerelie Abram
  • Thomas Felis
  • Helen McGregor
Journal:
Past Global Changes Magazine
Volume:
28(1)
Pages:
28
BibTex:
Abstract:
A group of 50 scientists met in Belitung, Indonesia, in August 2019 to discuss past changes in the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). ENSO is the main source of interannual climate variability that affects seasonal temperature and precipitation patterns across the Pacific Ocean with global teleconnections and severe societal and economic impacts. Research presented during this PAGES-supported meeting (pastglobalchanges.org/calendar/2019/127-pages/1805) aimed to provide critical information required to better understand short- and long-term changes in ENSO. Recent findings were reviewed and our present understanding of the factors controlling past ENSO variance were assessed. Areas lacking information were identified, and a common and integrated strategy for future interdisciplinary studies was proposed.