2D-ERT monitoring of soil moisture seasonal behaviour in a river levee: A case study

Research areas:
Year:
2019
Keywords:
Electrical Resistivity Tomography, Monitoring, Seasonal variations, Soil moisture, Temperature compensation, Embankment levee
Authors:
Journal:
Journal of Applied Geophysics
Volume:
167
Pages:
140-151
Month:
August
ISSN:
0926-9851
BibTex:
Abstract:
We present a study of the seasonal behaviour of soil moisture in an old embankment levee by means of 2D DC-electrical resistivity tomography monitoring based on an embedded electrode installation. We were able to produce seasonal resistivity change models that are compensated for temperature effects using a seasonal temperature profile model. Time-lapse sections of percentage resistivity changes show spatial and temporal overall consistency with seasonal variations of soil temperature. Discrepancies are likely due to the pavement layer that is not well considered in the inversion process as well as to time-lapse inversion pitfalls. Furthermore, a detailed estimation of seasonal moisture content variations could not be given as an accurate calibration of the employed suction probes was not achievable. Nevertheless, the levee appears to have spatially consistent time variations in soil moisture, clearly influenced by both rainfall and water table and river levels. Future work on developing 3D acquisitions and adding embedded moisture content probes should prove effective to our monitoring design and give a more detailed understanding of the soil moisture seasonal behaviour in the studied stretch of levee.