Improved methodology for measuring pore patterns in the benthic foraminiferal genus Ammonia

Research areas:
Benthic foraminifera
Marine Micropaleontology
1 - 13
Abstract Benthic foraminiferal pores are considered to play an important role in facilitating the gas exchange between the organism and the environment, with pore size and density supposed to be related to gas exchange intensity. Recent studies have therefore attempted to establish relationships between pore patterns and redox conditions, such as bottom water oxygen and nitrate concentrations. However, a prerequisite for such an attempt is the development of a practical and reliable methodology for measuring pore patterns. The aim of this study is to present a semi-automated pore measurement method for Ammonia, a dominant taxon of temperate coastal environments that are increasingly affected by seasonal hypoxia (bottom water oxygen concentration erence in pore patterns between three studied stations characterised by different seasonal bottom water oxygenation patterns. Secondly, a sediment core from the same site clearly showed the presence of two morphotypes of Ammonia; one with numerous, small pores and the other with fewer but much larger pores, resulting in a higher porosity (larger part of the test covered by pores). Since the man-made closure of Lake Grevelingen in 1971, the latter morphotype has progressively replaced the former one. Finally, a summary of the measurements on 870 specimens with both pore patterns shows a strong relationship between pore density and pore surface area, suggesting a physical control of the interaction between these two parameters.