Benthic oxygen exchange over a heterogeneous Zostera noltei meadow in a temperate coastal ecosystem

Research areas:
Year:
2016
Authors:
  • Marie Lise Delgard
  • Bruno Deflandre
  • Guillaume Bernard
  • Marion Richard
  • Emeric Kochoni
  • Cline Charbonnier
  • Florian Cesbron
  • Édouard Metzger
  • Antoine Grmare
  • Pierre Anschutz
Journal:
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Volume:
543
Pages:
55-71
Month:
February
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Seagrass meadows support intense but highly variable benthic metabolic rates that still need to be better evaluated to determine an accurate trophic status. The present study assessed how seagrasses and associated benthic macrofauna control spatiotemporal changes in benthic oxygen exchanges within a temperate bay. Based on seasonal sampling over a complete year cycle, the diffusive oxygen uptake (DOU), community respiration (CR) and gross primary production (GPP) were measured in a Zostera noltei meadow within Arcachon Bay, taking into account its spatial heterogeneity. Oxygen fluxes were assessed in sediment cores, within which benthic macrofauna and seagrass abundances and biomasses were quantified. The presence of Z. noltei did not significantly affect the DOU. Seasonal changes in CR and GPP correlated strongly with temperature in the presence of Z. noltei. The characteristics of benthic macrofauna associated with Z. noltei only weakly affected seasonal changes in CR. High spatial changes in both GPP and CR were mainly driven by the aboveground biomass of Z. noltei. When extrapolated to the whole intertidal area of the bay, in spite of limitations, our results suggest (1) overall higher contributions to CR and GPP from the seagrass meadow than from bare sediments, even though alternative primary producers in bare sediments (likely microphytobenthos) contributed significantly during winter; (2) an annual decrease in CR and GPP of 35 and 41\%, respectively, resulting from the decline in Z. noltei of 25\% between 2005 and 2007; and (3) a strong seasonality in the magnitude of this decrease, which was high during autumn and low during winter.