Ice-Collapse Project

The dynamics of ice sheet collapse in deglaciation periods – Ice-Collapse

During periods of climate changes, ice sheet shrinking is controlled by the collapse of vulnerable ice shelves at the tip of fast-flowing ice streams. Ice stream collapse has not yet been observed and we therefore lack solid historical data and models to predict accurately their consequences, thus limiting our ability to include such events in sea level projections.

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Deformation of glacial origin in paleogenic sediments from Alberta (Canada) formed during the destabilization of the Laurentide ice cap at the Last Glacial Maximum (copyright: Édouard Ravier)

 

In this project, we aim to combine for the first time palaeoglaciological data acquired from former ice stream beds of the Laurentide Ice Sheet with a new experimental setup we developed in our lab to investigate processes of collapse. We here address a hot topic to investigate the ice dynamics/landforms linkage to establish a process-based spatial and temporal model of ice sheet collapse.

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Example of results from analog modeling of an ice stream. The modeling makes it possible to follow the development of subglacial morphologies, the characteristics of the subglacial hydrological network and the speed of advance of the ice stream
(copyright: Jean Vérité / Édouard Ravier)

 

The project integrates three complementary approaches: detailed regional-scale mapping of the geomorphological record left by short-lived ice streams, analyses of key lithological, stratigraphical and deformational characteristics of the soft-bed of ice streams and physical modelling of unstable glacial systems. In this project, we first aim to reconstruct the origin, timing and processes of past ice stream collapse along the Laurentide Ice Sheet. The combination of experimental and palaeoglaciological data will also contribute to establish new semi-empirical laws that will relate soft-bed changes (erosion, sedimentation, deformation), development of subglacial drainage systems and their efficiencies, ice flow velocities, meltwater production rates and porewater pressure. The numerical modeling community will then be able to implement these new parametrization laws to include ice stream collapse in their ice sheet models.

 

The project coordinator is Edouard Ravier, Lecturer at Le Mans University.

 

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